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Table 1 Composition and chemical analysis of the experimental diets

From: Behavioral, hepato-morphological, and biochemical studies on the possible protective effect of black seed and water bath against change-mediated heat stress on pigeon

Item Experimental diets
Basal diet Wheat diet Propolis diet Black seed diet
Ingredients (%)     
Yellow corn 71.00 76.00 71.00 67.00
Soybean meal 19.50 11.84 19.50 20.30
Wheat bran 6.5
Sunflower oil 4.00 4.00 5.20
Black seed 2.00
Propolis 0.05
Limestone 3.40 3.40 3.35 3.40
Sodium phosphate dibasic 1.45 1.45 1.45 1.45
Lysine 0.14
Methionine 0.05 0.07 0.05 0.05
Common salt 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30
Premix* 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 10.00
Calculated values
ME, kcal/kg 3199.71 2810.03 3199.71 3199.46
Crude protein, % 15.52 12.55 15.52 15.50
Calcium, % 1.33. 1.33 1.33. 1.33
Available phosphorus,% 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
Lysine, % 0.71 0.71 0.71 0.72
Methionine, % 0.30 0.03 0.30 0.30
  1. ME mean metabolized energy
  2. *Mineral and vitamin premix Heromix broilers (Heropharma Co., Egypt). Each 2.5 kg contain vit. A, 1,200,000 IU; vit. D3, 300,000 IU; vit. E, 700 mg; vit. k3, 500 mg; vit. B1, 500 mg; vit. B2, 200 mg; vit. B6, 600 mg; vit. B12, 3 mg; vit. C, 450 mg; niacin, 3000 mg; methionine, 3000 mg; pantothenic acid, 670 mg; folic acid 300 mg; biotin, 6 mg; choline chloride, 10,000 mg; magnesium sulphate, 3000 mg; copper sulphate, 3000 mg; iron sulphate, 10,000 mg; zinc sulphate, 1800 mg; cobalt sulphate, 300 mg