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Table 4 Managerial and nutritional effect on performance parameter of two pairs of parent with or without squabs of heat stressed pigeon

From: Behavioral, hepato-morphological, and biochemical studies on the possible protective effect of black seed and water bath against change-mediated heat stress on pigeon

Group item Control Heat stress Water bath Propolis Black seed Wheat diet
Performance parameter of two pairs with squabs
Feeding intake (kg) 0.77 ± 0.05a 0.39 ± 0.02b 0.54 ± 0.043a 0.27 ± 0.04c 0.74 ± 0.02a 0.45 ± 0.04b
Body weight (kg) 1.61 ± 0.03a 1.41 ± 0.02b 1.49 ± 0.054a,b 1.43 ± 0.2a,b 1.52 ± 0.03a 1.37 ± 0.013b
Body gain (kg) 0.20 ± 0.08a 0.03 ± 0.01b 0.13 ± 0.02a 0.06 ± 0.01b 0.17 ± 0.02a 0.01 ± 0.01c
Food conversion ratio 3.9 ± 0.9c 20.7 ± 4.91a 20.7 ± 6.29a 16.6 ± 0.01b 17.9 ± 1.9b 27.2 ± 4.91a
Performance parameter of two pairs of parent only
Body weight (kg) 1.42 ± 0.03a,b 1.38 ± 0.015b 1.38 ± 0.01b 1.39 ± 0.2a,b 1.35 ± 0.03b 1.34 ± 0.01b
Body gain (kg) 0.05 ± 0.02a 0.03 ± 0.01b 0.03 ± 0.02b 0.04 ± 0.01a,b 0.03 ± 0.02b 0.01 ± 0.01c
  1. Means with different superscripts in the same row differ significantly