Skip to main content

Table 2 Effect of grilled Mugil cephalus fish diets fed for 3 months on serum reproductive hormones, prolactin, sperm count, and sperm abnormalities of male albino rats

From: Fish diet and male reproductive hormones in albino rats

   Parameters
   Total testosterone (ng/ml) 17β-Estradiol (pg/ml) FSH (nIU/ml) LH (IU/ml) Prolactin (ng/ml) Sperm count (× 106) Sperm abnormalities (%)
Groups         
 Normal control group Range 2.12–3.83 0.42–0.56 0.78–1.20 3.20–4.10 0.50–0.67 8.05–9.20 6.00–8.00
Mean ± S.E. 2.93 ± 0.30 0.47 ± 0.02 0.96 ± 0.09 3.65 ± 0.23 0.59 ± 0.04 8.50 ± 0.35 7.33 ± 0.67
Rats fed on grilled Mugil cephalus fish groups Farmed fresh water Mugil cephalus fish Range 1.34–2.63 0.41–0.49 0.38–0.51 3.00–4.00 0.29–0.31 6.05–6.55 12.00–17.00
Mean ± S.E. 1.97 ± 0.16 0.45 ± 0.01 0.42 ± 0.03 3.50 ± 0.29 0.30 ± 0.01 6.30 ± 0.25 14.50 ± 2.50
% of change − 32.76 − 4.26 − 56.25 − 4.11 − 49.15 − 25.88 97.82
P value P < 0.05(a) N.S(a) P < 0.01(a) N.S(a) P < 0.01(a) P < 0.05(a) P < 0.05(a)
Wild marine water Mugil cephalus fish Range 1.75–2.79 0.42–0.55 0.25–0.35 3.00–5.00 0.60–0.79 4.85–7.55 13.00–18.00
Mean ± S.E. 2.23 ± 0.19 0.48 ± 0.01 0.30 ± 0.02 3.60 ± 0.40 0.69 ± 0.05 5.80 ± 0.88 15.50 ± 2.50
% of change − 23.89 2.13 − 68.75 − 1.37 16.95 − 31.76 111.46
P value N.S(a) N.S(a) P < 0.001(a) N.S(a) N.S(a) P < 0.05(a) P < 0.05(a)
Farmed brackish water Mugil cephalus fish Range 1.94–3.18 0.41–0.60 0.22–0.29 3.00–6.00 0.40–0.58 4.30–5.85 13.00–18.00
Mean ± S.E. 2.68 ± 0.28 0.46 ± 0.02 0.25 ± 0.02 4.67 ± 0.88 0.47 ± 0.06 5.01 ± 0.45 15.67 ± 1.45
% of change − 8.53(a) 20.18(d) - -2.13(a)–4.17(d) − 73.96(a)–16.67(d) 27.95(a) 29.72(d) − 20.34(a)–31.88(d) − 41.06(a)–13.62(d) 113.78(a) 1.1(d)
P value N.S(a), (d) N.S(a), (d) P < 0.01(a) N.S(d) N.S(a), (d) N.S(a) P < 0.05(d) P < 0.01(a) N.S(d) P < 0.01(a) N.S (d)
ANOVA F = 3.92
P < 0.05
F = 0.38
N.S
F = 45.60
P < 0.001
F = 1.22
N.S
F = 12.45
P < 0.01
F = 7
P < 0.05
F = 6.67
P < 0.05
  1. (a)Compared with the normal control group
  2. (d)Compared with wild marine water
  3. N.S nonsignificant