Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of physical and biochemical parameters between PWS and OC subjects

From: Excessive carbohydrate consumption and body mass index: the risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome in Tamil Nadu population

Characteristic PWS OC Total p value
Male Female Male Female PWS OC
Adolescent, 12–19 years
N 9 4 7 5 13 12  
 Age (years) 15.5 ± 2.0 15.2 ± 3.3 16.2 ± 2.4 14.8 ± 3.0 15.4 ± 2.3 15 ± 2.5 0.6807
 Height (cm) 109.3 ± 2.4 107.5 ± 3.6 130 ± 5.0 129 ± 5.8 108.7 ± 2.8** 129.5 ± 5.1 < 0.0001
 Weight (kg) 62.4 ± 7.3 59.5 ± 7.1 43.7 ± 5.9 44 ± 5.1 61.5 ± 7.1** 46.4 ± 6.7 < 0.0001
 BMI (kg/m2) 52.1 ± 5.0 51.3 ± 3.7 27.6 ± 2.9 27.0 ± 2.2 51.9 ± 4.5** 27.4 ± 2.5 < 0.0001
 Cholesterol (mg/dl) 233.5 ± 13.4 220.5 ± 8.3 213.2 ± 18.6 205.8 ± 29.0 229.5 ± 13.3* 210.1 ± 22.6 0.0146
 Glucose 3.3 ± 1.4 4 ± 0.8 3 ± 1.4 1 ± 1.4 3 ± 1.0 2.6 ± 1.1 0.5482
 Fasting blood sugar 200.5 ± 16.1 208 ± 7.9 131.4 ± 46.5 115.8 ± 48.0 202.8 ± 14.2** 124.9 ± 45.6 < 0.0001
 Postprandial blood sugar 287.5 ± 52.7 317 ± 31.8 200.1 ± 77.2 211 ± 66.61 296.6 ± 48.0** 204.6 ± 70.0 0.0008
Adult, 20–28 years
N 7 3 6 5 10 11  
 Age (years) 25.8 ± 2.1 23.3 ± 3.2 23.5 ± 3.0 24.6 ± 1.6 25.1 ± 2.6 24 ± 2.4 0.3279
 Height (cm) 120 ± 5.41 119.6 ± 8.3 139.5 ± 11.3 143.8 ± 7.0 119.9 ± 4.6** 141.4 ± 9.4 < 0.0001
 Weight (kg) 88.8 ± 7.1 82.3 ± 0.5 55.3 ± 7.2 62.6 ± 6.6 86.9 ± 6.6** 63.4 ± 8.3 < 0.0001
 BMI (kg/m2) 61.7 ± 4.5 57.5 ± 2.9 28.5 ± 3.3 31.8 ± 2.8 60.5 ± 4.4** 31.6 ± 3.3 < 0.0001
 Cholesterol (mg/dl) 238.2 ± 10.0 243.3 ± 17.0 210.6 ± 12.5 223 ± 21.3 239.8 ± 11.7* 216.2 ± 17.3 0.0018
 Glucose 3.57 ± 1.6 3 ± 1.7 3 ± 0.1 3.5 ± 0.7 2.6 ± 1.3 3.2 ± 0.5 0.1711
 Fasting blood sugar 199.2 ± 16.8 200 ± 7 128.5 ± 61.0 142 ± 60.3 199.5 ± 14.1* 134.6 ± 58.0 0.0027
 Postprandial blood sugar 307.5 ± 52.1 280 ± 31.5 225.8 ± 57.3 243.8 ± 73.4 299.3 ± 47.0 234 ± 62.4 0.0146
  1. The physical and biochemical parameters were calculated by using mean (SD) in both subjects, and all data are reported in Additional file 1: Table S1a and b. PWS, Prader-Willi syndrome, OC obesity control, BMI body mass index, SD, standard deviation. **p values are extremely significant, *p values are highly significant; p values are significant