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Table 4 Comparison of macronutrient consumption from white rice intake and BMI value in both PWS and OC subjects

From: Excessive carbohydrate consumption and body mass index: the risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome in Tamil Nadu population

Macronutrient consumption per day and BMI Adolescent Adult Total
PWS (n = 13) OC with DM (n = 3) OC w/o DM (n = 9) PWS (n = 10) OC with DM (n = 4) OC w/o DM (n = 7) PWS (n = 23) OC with DM (n = 7) OC w/o DM (n = 16)
Total energy (kcal) 1285 ± 313.0 975 ± 171.9 231.1 ± 80.3 1482 ± 434.1 1121.2 ± 144.1 195 ± 53.0 1370.6 ± 374.8 814.2 ± 124.8 411.6 ± 94.0
Protein (g) 26.27 ± 6.69 19.7 ± 3.1 8.3 ± 2.1 31.74 ± 8.39 23.0 ± 2.7 8.45 ± 1.8 28.6 ± 7.8 21.6 ± 3.1 8.4 ± 1.9
Fat (g) 2.7 ± 0.69 2.0 ± 0.3 0.87 ± 0.21 3.30 ± 0.8 2.38 ± 0.28 0.88 ± 0.19 2.98 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.3 0.87 ± 0.2
Carbohydrates (g) 275.1 ± 70.0 206.5 ± 32.5 87.6 ± 22.0 330.4 ± 90.0 239.4 ± 28.1 88.5 ± 19.4 300.2 ± 81.6* 225.3 ± 32.5 88.0 ± 20.2
Fiber (g) 4.06 ± 1.03 2.9 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.31 4.72 ± 1.24 3.4 ± 0.4 1.25 ± 0.2 4.2 ± 1.1 3.2 ± 0.4 1.25 ± 0.2
BMI 51.9 ± 4.5 27.1 ± 3.2 27.5 ± 2.5 60.51 ± 4.4 32.6 ± 3.1 31.1 ± 3.6 55.6 ± 6.17* 30.2 ± 4.14 29.1 ± 3.5
  1. PWS subjects showed high significant of BMI value and excessive carbohydrate consumption of > 300 g/day from white rice intake compared with OC subjects. PWS, Prader-Willi syndrome, OC obesity control, BMI body mass index, OC with DM obesity control with diabetes mellitus, OC w/o DM obesity control without diabetes mellitus. *High significant value