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Table 2 Hepatic image analyses in male Swiss albino mice exposed to a sublethal concentration of cadmium individually and in mixture with nano-chocolate fortified with zinc

From: Possible ameliorative effect of nano-chocolate fortified with zinc on the hepatic and testicular toxicity induced by cadmium on male Swiss albino mice: histopathological and histomorphometrical studies

Parameters Area of hepatocyte (μm2)
(mean ± SD)
Area of nucleus (μm2)
(mean ± SD)
Nuclear/cytoplasm ratio (%)
(mean ± SD)
Area of central veins (μm2)
(mean ± SD)
Groups
Control-treated group 49.85 ± 4.533a 10.61 ± 2.097 a 25.28 ± 3.47 a 92.18 ± 12.45 a
Cadmium-treated group 22.924 ± 1.6 b** 2.88 ± 0.613 b** 15.75 ± 2.56 b** 346.07 ± 49.07 b**
Choco-treated group 47.11 ± 4.584 a** 9.27 ± 1.043 a** 24.83 ± 1.81 a** 95.92 ± 12.49 a**
Cadmium-choco-treated group 48.59 ± 4.219 a** 11.11 ± 1.51 a** 27.89 ± 2.88 a** 98.42 ± 17.27 a**
  1. Ten animals were used in each group. Data are represented as mean ± SD
  2. Means with the same letter are not significantly different.
  3. *P < 0.05 is significant
  4. **P < 0.01 is highly significant