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Table 2 The level of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in some organs of birds exposed to cyanide directly and indirectly in feed

From: The chronic effects of cyanide on oxidative stress indices in the domestic chicken (Gallus domesticus L.)

Groups Direct exposure Exposure via food
Organ I (control) II (1 mg CN/kg bwt) III (2 mg CN/kg bwt) IV (3 mg CN/kg bwt) V (1mgCN/kg bwt) VI (2 mg CN/kg bwt) VII (3 mg CN/kg bwt)
4 weeks exposure
 Liver 323.54 ± 15.9a 351.86 ± 12.3b 494.35 ± 18.9c 589.86 ± 18.3d 335.02 ± 7.1a 382.74 ± 9.2b 501.44 ± 14.5c
 Kidney 202.49 ± 9.4a 253.86 ± 10.5b 356.08 ± 13.6c 514.90 ± 11.9d 227.55 ± 12.3a 316.15 ± 11.2b 412.05 ± 15.4e
 Heart 276.61 ± 8.8a 320.74 ± 15.2b 421.62 ± 18.1c 598.23 ± 12.6d 299.08 ± 15.9a 375.14 ± 22.1e 477.64 ± 23.2f
 Brain 266.99 ± 10.7a 316.07 ± 11.8b 394.55 ± 21.7c 568.75 ± 22.6d 283.81 ± 11.4a 365.63 ± 13.2c 445.91 ± 18.9e
8 weeks exposure
 Liver 346.02 ± 12.1a 401.15 ± 19.4b 526.32 ± 16.5c 647.32 ± 18.9d 365.29 ± 9.5a 378.21 ± 17.2a 505.12 ± 18.1c
 Kidney 224.81 ± 18.4a 303.51 ± 16.2b 372.21 ± 12.8c 468.80 ± 17.5d 278.42 ± 9.6 b 322.12 ± 14.5b 402.60 ± 11.2c
 Heart 289.76 ± 16.8a 384.42 ± 14.9b 499.54 ± 11.5c 602.12 ± 14.6d 299.36 ± 15.5a 395.56 ± 16.2b 489.02 ± 22.7c
 Brain 277.43 ± 11.2a 357.02 ± 13.8b 487.69 ± 10.9c 584.24 ± 23.8d 296.92 ± 18.2a 387.24 ± 12.5b 465.28 ± 18.5c
12 weeks exposure
 Liver 357.28 ± 11.5a 435.31 ± 16.4b 561.44 ± 21.6c 674.18 ± 21.7d 381.14 ± 13.4a 472.76 ± 9.7e 564.13 ± 15.6c
 Kidney 232.05 ± 9.2a 327.16 ± 12.8b 423.25 ± 11.5c 482.23 ± 10.9d 295.01 ± 19.4e 398.65 ± 22.5f 453.74 ± 12.8c
 Heart 301.51 ± 13.6a 401.42 ± 22.5b 534.67 ± 13.9c 625.72 ± 15.6d 352.45 ± 11.7e 445.91 ± 13.4b 518.56 ± 14.9c
 Brain 293.25 ± 10.7a 386.23 ± 24.8b 507.90 ± 14.8c 609.87 ± 19.6d 314.34 ± 12.6a 412.15 ± 17.5a 497.90 ± 11.9c
  1. Means not sharing a common superscript (a, b, c , d, e, f) on the same row differ significantly (p < 0.05)
  2. The results are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (n = 6)
  3. Lipid peroxidation is expressed in units per gram tissue
  4. bwt body weight