Skip to main content

Table 6 The effect of gender, percentage of GM soybean in the experimental diets (0%, 50%, and 100% GM soya), and their interaction on the level of examined biochemical parameters in serum of albino rats. Results are represented as mean ± standard error of mean

From: Biochemical and Histopathological studies on female and male Wistar rats fed on genetically modified soybean meals (Roundup Ready)

Parameter Experimental group Effect of
Gender Control T1 T2 Gender Diet Interaction
TG (mg/dl) Female 46.86 ± 1.80A 63.08 ± 3.58B 61.32 ± 5.43B F1, 24 = 0.009,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 4.70,
P < 0.05
F2, 24 = 2.37,
P > 0.05
Male 53.52 ± 3.98A 52.66 ± 2.59A 64.10 ± 5.79A
Chol (mg/dl) Female 65.06 ± 3.26A 67.26 ± 6.44A 51.88 ± 4.70A F1, 24 = 3.98,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 1.06,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 2.39,
P > 0.05
Male 65.02 ± 0.73A 71.14 ± 4.84A 72.20 ± 6.96A*
HDL Female 43.99 ± 1.76A 44.23 ± 3.60A 35.77 ± 3.79A F1, 24 = 0.23,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 0.73,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 3.49,
P > 0.05
Male 37.12 ± 0.85A* 40.86 ± 1.79A 42.79 ± 3.25A
TP (g/dl) Female 6.98 ± 0.23A 7.06 ± 0.10A 7.28 ± 0.10A F1, 24 = 3.03,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 5.72,
P < 0.01
F2, 24 = 1.16,
P > 0.05
Male 6.96 ± 0.21A 7.30 ± 0.17AB 7.76 ± 0.12B*
Alb (g/dl) Female 5.14 ± 0.19A 4.54 ± 0.20A 5.16 ± 0.31A F1, 24 = 0.019,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 3.32,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 0.17,
P > 0.05
Male 4.94 ± 0.30A 4.55 ± 0.19A 5.26 ± 0.37A
Glucose (mg/dl) Female 108.60 ± 5.28A 101.00 ± 7.26A 111.60 ± 9.97A F1, 24 = 18.11,
P < 0.001
F2, 24 = 5.82,
P < 0.01
F2, 24 = 4.17,
P < 0.05
Male 173.60 ± 8.48B* 116.60 ± 9.61A 130.60 ± 14.26A
Urea (mg/dl) Female 42.22 ± 2.07A 39.82 ± 3.44A 41.40 ± 2.82A F1, 24 = 10.84,
P < 0.01
F2, 24 = 0.65,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 0.33,
P > 0.05
Male 34.20 ± 0.96A* 33.48 ± 1.06A 37.12 ± 2.45A
Creatinine Female 0.60 ± 0.04AB 0.48 ± 0.04A 0.66 ± 0.07B F1, 24 = 15.78,
P < 0.01
F2, 24 = 1.07,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 7.48,
P < 0.01
Male 0.64 ± 0.04A 0.86 ± 0.05B* 0.72 ± 0.04A
ALP (U/L) Female 69.50 ± 3.93A 64.40 ± 5.26A 142.00 ± 10.36B F1, 24 = 8.45,
P < 0.01
F2, 24 = 21.33,
P < 0.001
F2, 24 = 31.39,
P < 0.001
Male 133.40 ± 6.23B* 90.10 ± 3.48A* 100.40 ± 8.44A*
AST (U/L) Female 159.20 ± 13.47A 245.40 ± 10.62B 177.00 ± 16.87A F1, 24 = 0.71,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 40.34,
P < 0.001
F2, 24 = 3.28,
P > 0.05
Male 116.00 ± 7.60A* 247.20 ± 3.57C 193.40 ± 15.30B
ALT (U/L) Female 34.00 ± 3.51A 32.40 ± 3.54A 48.40 ± 5.84B F1, 24 = 0.32,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 2.34,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 1.92,
P > 0.05
Male 39.40 ± 3.14A 40.50 ± 3.61A 40.80 ± 5.31A
LDH Female 1498.60 ± 50.03A 3436.80 ± 263.30B 4049.00 ± 160.87C F1, 24 = 10.15,
P < 0.01
F2, 24 = 97.08,
P < 0.001
F2, 24 = 32.94,
P < 0.001
Male 1214.40 ± 18.58A* 4348.00 ± 215.41C* 1979.00 ± 246.04B*
Ca (mg/dl) Female 11.78 ± 0.10A 11.68 ± 0.22A 11.72 ± 0.26A F1, 24 = 14.73,
P < 0.01
F2, 24 = 3.19,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 2.72,
P > 0.05
Male 11.50 ± 0.19B 11.22 ± 0.23B 10.54 ± 0.19A*
Ph (mg/dl) Female 4.55 ± 0.21A 5.74 ± 0.74A 4.36 ± 0.52A F1, 24 = 0.13,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 2.44,
P > 0.05
F2, 24 = 0.28,
P > 0.05
Male 4.74 ± 0.44A 5.16 ± 0.62A 4.29 ± 0.46A
  1. * Represents significant differences (P < 0.05) in comparison to the corresponding female groups. In each row, the mean values marked with the same superscript letter are similar (insignificant, P > 0.05) whereas those with different ones are significantly differed (P < 0.05). P > 0.05: insignificant, P < 0.05, P < 0.01 and P < 0.001: significant effect at α = 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001, respectively