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Table 6 Fatty acid profile of Catla catla fed with C. sinensis-supplemented diets

From: Effect of dietary Citrus sinensis peel extract on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, muscle biochemical composition, and metabolic enzyme status of the freshwater fish, Catla catla

Fatty acids (%/2 μL methylated fatty acid) Dietary supplementary of C. sinensis g kg−1
Control 2.00 (diet 1) 6.00 (diet 2) 10 (diet 3)
Saturated Myristic acid 3.29 ± 0.99a 3.43 ± 0.89a 3.45 ± 1.21a 3.33 ± 0.87a
Palmitic acid 4.89 ± 1.30a 5.67 ± 5.07a 5.77 ± 2.44a 5.12 ± 0.67a
Stearic acid 2.37 ± 0.57a 2.87 ± 1.14 3.06 ± 0.80a 2.40 ± 1.31a
Margaric acid 2.08 ± 0.74a 2.21 ± 0.45a 2.28 ± 0.29a 2.14 ± 0.42a
Unsaturated Paullinic acid 3.53 ± 1.36a 3.70 ± 0.94a 3.98 ± 0.72a 3.63 ± 0.88a
Fumaric acid 2.66 ± 0.47a 3.03 ± 1.39a 3.34 ± 0.37a 2.71 ± 0.12a
Monounsaturated Palmitoleic acid 1.64 ± 0.09a 1.86 ± 0.73a 2.32 ± 0.70a 1.73 ± 0.74a
Oleic acid 4.70 ± 2.02a 6.05 ± 3.42a 6.71 ± 0.58a 5.36 ± 2.81a
Polyunsaturated Linoleic acid 4.32 ± 1.76a 4.50 ± 1.20a 5.19 ± 0.44a 4.39 ± 0.89a
Arachidonic acid 2.93 ± 0.70a 3.07 ± 0.69a 3.37 ± 1.07a 2.99 ± 0.73a
Eicosatetraenoic acid 2.05 ± 0.47a 2.18 ± 0.51a 2.47 ± 1.17a 2.13 ± 0.51a
Docosahexaenoic acid 3.42 ± 0.60a 3.91 ± 0.95a 3.98 ± 0.76a 3.85 ± 0.66a
Docosapentaenoic acid 2.29 ± 0.27a 2.85 ± 0.75a 3.21 ± 0.98a 2.74 ± 0.98a
Docosatetraenoic acid 2.09 ± 0.71a 2.25 ± 0.32a 2.65 ± 0.31a 2.19 ± 0.04a
Eicosapentaenoic acid 1.58 ± 0.41a 1.64 ± 0.65a 2.46 ± 0.44a 1.61 ± 0.31a
  1. Mean values within the same row sharing the same superscript are not significantly different (P ˃ 0.05), Citrus sinensis-free diet; n = 3 (three samples from each treatment), mean ± SD
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