Skip to main content

Table 5 Repellent activity of Tribolium castaneum against silver nanoparticles, malathion, and its combination

From: Comparative bioassay of silver nanoparticles and malathion on infestation of red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum

Name of the sampleConcentration (ppm)No. of insect used% repellency (Nc − 5) × 20%Chi-square valueP value
Second hourFourth hourSixth hourEight hourTenth hour
AgNP1501093.273.2402653.259.14
1001066.62613.273.240107.09
50106026264646.635.530.00
Malathion1501086.686.610073.253.233.280.00
100104020206.66.64.470.21
501033.213.2206.66.68.050.45
AgNP+ malathion15010100100100100100000.00
100101008010010010056.350.00
5010806046.633.280150.24
  1. Significant P < 0.15; Not significant P > 0.15, Nc-Repellency Record