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Table 3 Mosquito species and range (mean ± SE) of physical parameters of rock pool on inselbergs in Kaduna State, Nigeria

From: Biodiversity of Microinvertebrates coinhabiting mosquitoes habitats in patchy rock pools on inselbergs within Kaduna State, Nigeria

Species Physicochemical parameters
Depth (cm) Surface area (m2) Temp (°C) pH TDS (ppm) EC (μs/cm) TSS (mg/l) TURB (NTU) HARD (mg/l) DO (mg/l) BOD (mg/l) COD (mg/l) PO3-4 (mg/l) NO3 (mg/l) ALKA (mg/l)
Aedes vittatus 0.4–41 (5.9 ± 0.4)a 1.5–1970 (60.7 ± 8.6)a 23.3–36.5 7.05–12.69 (10.9 ± 0.1)ab 0.0–276 (57.6 ± 10.9)ab 0.0–572 (117.7 ± 21.5)ab 10–130 (51.9 ± 9.2)a 2.3–92.4 (24.9 ± 5.4)a 30.3–545.4 (176.5 ± 26.9)a 1.4–1.9 (1.63 ± 0.15) 1.0–1.4 (1.27 ± 0.13) 80–480 (257.6 ± 23.2)a 0.2–12.50 (2.6 ± 0.8)a 8.5–74.7 (23.8 ± 3.9)a 2.0–111.0 (27.4 ± 5.6)ab
Anopheles gambiae s.l. 2.0–65.0 (13.5 ± 2.3)a 5.5–1970 (130.9 ± 65.1)a 22.8–36.3 8.89–12.12 (10.7 ± 0.2)abc 4–272 (59.9 ± 17.8)ab 11–572 (123.2 ± 37.2)ab 10–150 (76.7 ± 21.1)a 2.3–178 (45.0 ± 28.0)a 70–404 (212 ± 51.96)a ND ND 80–430 (340 ± 54.2)a 0.3–11.10 (5.3 ± 1.9)a 2.9–109.4 (40.5 ± 15.7)a 14–83 (44 ± 9.3)a
Culex macfiei 3.2–14 (7.1 ± 1.6)a 10.6–1970 (340.1 ± 272.7)a 22.8–33.4 10.32–12.19 (11.2 ± 0.3)ab 0b 0b 20a 1.97a 70.7a ND ND 300a 0.39a 9.5a 12b
Culex perfidiosus 2–65 (17.0 ± 6.1)a 10.9–120 (57.5 ± 12.7)a 24.7–35 7.54–11.88 (10.3 ± 0.4)bc 41–99 (68.7 ± 16.8)ab 84–198 (136.3 ± 33.24)a 60–150 (105 ± 45)a 17–178 (97.5 ± 80.5)a 70–404 (237 ± 167)a ND ND 330–420 (375 ± 45)a 6.2–11.10 (8.7 ± 2.5)a 52.70–109.4 (81.1 ± 28.4)a 33.3–50 (41.5 ± 8.5)a
Culex p. pipiens 1–28 (7.7 ± 2.4)a 6–345 (69.9 ± 28.1)a 26.6–36.1 7.05–12.01 (10.4 ± 0.4)bc 23–113 (78.3 ± 27.9)a 51–198 (121.7 ± 42.53)ab 10–150 (80 ± 70)a 22.5–178 (100.3 ± 77.8)a 373.7–404 (388.9 ± 15.15)a ND ND 100–420 (260 ± 160)a 0.7–11.1 (5.9 ± 5.2)a 16.90–109.4 (63.2 ± 46.3)a 15–50 (32.5 ± 17.5)a
Culex simpsoni 20.5a 23.5a 31.8 10.07c 99a 198a 150a 178a 404a ND ND 420a 11.1a 109.4a 50a
P value 0.156 ns 0.522 ns   0.018* 0.008** 0 .008** 0 .268 ns 0.181 ns 0.099 ns    0.196 ns 0.238 ns 0.082 ns 0.008**
  1. Means followed by the same superscript letter along column are not significantly different (p > 0.05). ND not determined, ns not significant, “*” significant, “**” highly significant, TDS total dissolved solid, EC electrical conductivity, TSS total suspended solid, TURB turbidity, HARD hardness, DO dissolved oxygen, BOD biochemical oxygen demand, COD chemical oxygen demand, PO3-4 phosphate, NO3- nitrate, ALKA alkalinity