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Table 1 Recent findings on gonadal sex reversal in adult gonochorist teleost

From: Induction of gonadal sex reversal in adult gonochorist teleost by chemical treatment: an examination of the changing paradigm

Fish Age Treatment Treatment duration (days) Observation (% complete and functional sex reversal) References
Oreochromis niloticus (XY) 30 dph* 17β-Estradiol (E2) 60 8.3 Shi et al. (2017)
Trilostane (TR) 0.0
Metopirone (MN) 0.0
Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) 0.0
TR + E2 88.3
MN + E2 60.0
GA + E2 46.7
60 dph TR + E2   3.3  
E2   0.0  
MN + E2   0.0  
GA + E2 (150 μg/g diet)   0.0  
Astatotilapia burtoni (female) Sexually mature Fadrozole (200 μg/g diet) 168 0.0 Göppert et al. (2016)
Oreochromis niloticus (XX) 15 dph Fadrozole (200 μg/g diet) 15 100 Sun et al. (2014)
30 dph 30 0.0
60 dph 30/60 0.0
90 dph 30/60/90 0.0
Oryzias latipes (female) 5 months Exemestane (100 μg/L) ~ 60 20 Paul-Prasanth et al. (2013)
Oreochromis niloticus (XX) 1 year Fadrozole (200 μg/g diet) ~ 180 50
Danio rerio (female) Sexually mature Fadrozole (0.2 mg/g diet) ~ 150 Takatsu et al.(2013)
Oryzias latipes (female) Breeding Letrozole (625 μg/L) 21 0.0 Sun et al. (2007)
  1. *Days post-hatching
  2. †Though ovaries were observed to have completely retracted and testicular tissue developed (n = 9), it was however not clear the number tested for fertilization competence