Skip to main content

Table 1 Gut probiotics and their beneficiary effects on aquatic organisms

From: Recent studies on probiotics as beneficial mediator in aquaculture: a review

Name of the probiotics Beneficial effects Reference(s)
Lactobacillus rhamnosus Enhance immunity and reduce disease susceptibility Nikoskelainen, Ouwehand, Bylund, Salminen, and Lilius (2003)
Lactobacillus plantarum Enhance stress tolerance Taoka, Yuge, Maeda, and Koshio (2008)
Lactobacillus rhamnosus Improve blood quality Panigrahi et al. (2010)
Streptococcus sp. Improve feeding efficiency and growth rate Lara-Flores and Olvera-Novoa (2013)
Bacillus subtilis Enhance cellular immunity Sánchez-Ortiz et al. (2015)
Bacillus subtilis + Lactococcus lactis + Saccharomyces cerevisiae Enhance survival rate, foster metabolism, enhance weight Abareethan and Amsath (2015)
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens Enhance antibody concentration, reduce stress Nandi et al. (2018)
Bacillus subtilis + Lactobacillus rhamnosus Enhance the food digestibility Munirasu, Ramasubramanian, and Arunkumar (2017)
Lactobacillus sp. Reduce pathogen load, provide protection against Aeromonas hydrophilla He et al. (2017)
Bacillus cereu Protect from Aeromonas hydrophilla infection Dey, Ghosh, and Hazra (2018)
Different species of Bacillus, Arthrobacter, Paracoccus, Acidovorax etc Reduce pathogen load and provide nutrients Nandi et al. (2018)
Alcaligenes sp. AFG22 Enhance volatile short chain fatty acids Asaduzzaman et al. (2018)