Skip to main content

Table 2 Water probiotics and their role in maintaining water quality

From: Recent studies on probiotics as beneficial mediator in aquaculture: a review

Name of the probiotics Beneficial effects Reference(s)
Bacillus spp. Reduces the load of ammonia and nitrite Porubcan (1991)
Enterococcus faecium ZJ4 Improves water quality and enhances immunity Wang and Wang (2008)
Lactobacillus acidophilus Improves water quality Dohail, Abdullah, Roshada, and Aliyu-Paiko (2009)
Bacillus NL110, Vibrio NE1 Reducesammonia and nitrite concentration Mujeeb Rahiman, Yousuf, Thomas, and Hatha (2010)
Nitrosomonas sp.,Nitrobacters sp. Reduces the concentration of ammonia, phosphates and nitrite in culture pond Padmavathi, Sunitha, and Veeraiah (2012)
Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus casei, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Reduces nitrate load, maintain water pH and enhances dissolve oxygen concentration Melgar Valdes, Barba Macías, Alvarez-González, Tovilla Hernández, and Sánchez (2013)
Paenibacillus polymyxa Enhances immunity and reduces pathogenic stress Giri, Sukumaran, and Oviya (2013)
Lactobacillus rhamnosus Reduces pathogen load in culture tank Talpur et al. (2013)
Pseudomonas sp. Enhances transcription rate of anti-microbial peptide Ruangsri, Lokesh, Fernandes, and Kiron (2014)
Bacillus spp Promotes the growth of beneficial algae and reduces the growth of harmful algae Lukwambe et al. (2015)
Nitrosomonas sp., Nitrobacters sp. Reduces pathogen load in culture pond and increases dissolved oxygen content Sunitha and Krishna (2016)