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Table 4 Some recent studies on probiotics in aquaculture

From: Recent studies on probiotics as beneficial mediator in aquaculture: a review

Tested aquatic animals Potential probiotics Dose and method of administration Observations Mode of action Reference(s)
Abalone (Haliotis discus hannai Ino) Shewanella colwelliana WA64, Shewanella olleyana WA65 10 (9) cells/g probiotics; addition to diet Enhanced cellular and humoral immune responses Immunostimulation Jiang, Liu, Chang, Liu, and Wang (2013)
Marron (Cherax tenuimanus) Bacillus sp., Shewanella sp. 10 (8) CFU/g diet Improved tail muscle indices, total haemocytes counts Improved nutritional value Ambas, Suriawan, and Fotedar (2013)
Wild shrimp (Penaeus monodon) Bacillus cereus 0.1–0.4%/100 g diet Increased growth and survival rates, stimulated respiratory burst and lysozyme activities Improved nutritional value NavinChandran et al. (2014)
Indian major carp Catla (Catla catla) Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FPTB16 1 × 107, 1 × 108, and 1 ×109 CFU/g diet Stimulated cellular immune response; myeloperoxidase content, lysozyme activity Immunostimulation Das, Nakhro, Chowdhury, and Kamilya (2013)
Indian major carp rohu (Labeo rohita) Bacillus subtilis, Terribacillus saccharophillus 1 × 107 CFU/g diet Increased humoral immune response, activities of serum phagocytes, respiratory burst Immunostimulation Giri et al. (2013); Kalarani, Sumathi, Roshan, Sowjanya, and Reddy (2016)
Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Lactobacillus plantarum AH 78 0.5, 10, or 20% (w/w) with diet Significantly up-regulated the expression of cytokine genes, IL-4, IL-12 and IFN-γ Immunostimulation Hamdan, El-Sayed, and Mahmoud (2016)
Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) Shewanella xiamenensis A-1, S. xiamenensis A-2 and Aeromonas veronii A-7 1 × 108 cells/g of bacteria, addition to diet Enhanced phagocytic and lysozyme activities, complement C3, expression of immune-related genes (IL-8, IL-1β, lysozyme-C, and TNF-α) Immunostimulation Wu et al. (2015)