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Table 6 Interaction between probiotics and different types of food in fish farming

From: Recent studies on probiotics as beneficial mediator in aquaculture: a review

Fish species larvae Probiotic feed Beneficiary effects References
Scophthalmus maximus Lactic acid bacteria enriched Brachionus plicatilis Resistant against wide range of Vibrio sp. Gatesoupe (1994)
Scophthalmus maximus Probiotic bacteria enriched Brachionus plicatilis Promoted colonization on the gut and enhanced survival rate Makridis, Fjellheim, Skjermo, and Vadstein (2000)
Sparus aurota Lactobacillus fructivorans and Lactobacillus plantarum enriched dry feed or live feed (Brachionus plicatilis and Artemia salina) Enhanced colonization on the gut epithelial surface and significantly reduced the mortality rate during larval rearing and fry culture Carnevali et al. (2004)
Gadus morhua Life feed enriched probiotic bacteria Phaeobacter gallaeciensis Reduced the pathogenic load during larviculture D’Alvise et al. (2012)
Seriola lalandi Live feed (B. rotundiformis and B. plicatilis) and Artemia sp.) enriched with Pseudoalteromonas sp. Enhanced survival rate of the larvae. Sayes, Leyton, and Riquelme (2018)
Scophthalmus maximus Bacillus amyloliquefaciens enriched Branchionus plicatils and Artemia sinica It improves the microbial community in live feed and ultimately confers the beneficial effects to larvae Jiang et al. (2018)
Centropomus undecimalis Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens enriched feed Improved water quality, fish health and rearing tank environment Tarnecki, Wafapoor, Phillips, and Rhody (2019)