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Table 3 Multivariate analysis for the effects of tissue type (blood, gill, liver), atrazine treatment (I, II, III, IV, V, VI)a and extract type (C. papaya, M. indica) on biochemical parameters in C. gariepinus

From: Carica papaya and Mangifera indica modulate haematological, biochemical and histological alterations in atrazine-intoxicated fish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822)

Variables Df Glucose (mmol/l) Total protein (g/l) ALT (IU/l) AST (IU/l) LDH (IU/l) SOD (IU/l) AChE (IU/l) MDA (nmol MDA/l)
F P F P F P F P F P F P F P F P
Tissue 2 101.30 < 0.001 127.32 < 0.001 25.44 < 0.001 1.76 0.192 20.30 < 0.001 19.05 < 0.001 31.40 < 0.001 204.57 < 0.001
Atrazine 5 1.145 0.361 1.67 0.175 0.43 0.823 1.69 0.171 0.37 0.865 0.24 0.939 1.47 0.233 2.99 0.029
Extract 1 0.067 0.771 5.45 0.027 4.53 0.042 0.00061 0.980 17.19 < 0.001 11.08 0.003 3.03 0.093 12.48 0.002
Residuals 27                 
  1. The bold values were significant at p < 0.05
  2. aI control II atrazine-exposed group III low concentration of plant extract alone IV atrazine + low concentration of plant extract V high concentration of plant extract alone VI atrazine + high concentration of plant extract