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Table 1 Crops used for this study classified by pollinator dependency categories

From: Contribution of animal pollination to food nutrient production in Benin-West Africa

Pollinator dependency categories Crops/commodities
No dependency (0%) Banana (Musa spp.), carrot (Daucus carota), cassava (Manihot esculenta), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), date (Phoenix dactylifera), fonio (Digitaria exilis), lettuce (Lactuca sativa), maize (Zea mays), millet (Pennisetum glaucum), onion (Allium cepa), pineapple (Ananas comosus), Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum), rice (Oryza sativa), sorghum (Sorghum spp.), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), taro (Colocasia esculenta), yams (Dioscorea spp.)
Little dependence (5%) Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), pepper and Chillies (Capsicum spp.), peanut (Arachis hypogaea), beans (Phaseolus spp.) palm nuts (Elaeis guineensis), orange (Citrus sinensis), black pepper (Piper nigrum), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Modest dependence (25%) Coconut (Cocos nucifera), coffee (Coffea arabica), shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa), okra (Abelmoschus esculentus), pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), sesame (Sesamum indicum), soya (Glycine max)
Great dependence (65%) Cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), kola nut (Cola nitida), mango (Mangifera indica)
Full dependence (95%) Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)