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Table 4 Effect of hydroethanolic extract of Cassia spectabilis leaves on the levels of serum electrolytes in DF-treated rats

From: Influence of hydroethanolic extract of Cassia spectabilis leaves on diclofenac-induced oxidative stress and hepatorenal damage in Wistar rats

Treatment groups Levels of electrolytes as markers of acid base imbalance in rats
Sodium ions (mmol/L) Potassium ions (mmol/L) Chloride ions (mmol/L) Bicarbonate ions (mmol/L)
1. Normal control 142.17 ± 0.75 3.75 ± 0.14 111.67 ± 0.80 24.83 ± 0.48
2. DF control 130.50 ± 0.50a 6.05 ± 0.06a 99.0 ± 1.18a 12.0 ± 0.37a
3. DF + 100 mg CSE 134.50 ± 0.22ab 5.63 ± 0.02ab 102.67 ± 0.80ab 18.83 ± 0.31ab
4. DF + 300 mg CSE 133.0 ± 0.00ab 5.73 ± 0.02ab 100.0 ± 0.37a 14.83 ± 0.40ab
5. DF + 500 mg CSE 138.17 ± 0.40ab 4.73 ± 0.04ab 108.0 ± 0.37ab 18.50 ± 1.78ab
  1. Values are Mean ± SEM, n = 6
  2. DF diclofenac sodium, CSE Cassia spectabilis leaf extract
  3. aSignificantly different from the normal control (p < 0.05)
  4. bSignificantly different from the diclofenac control (p < 0.05)