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Table 3 Comparison of daily total intake food and calories (g, kcal/day) in both PWS and OC subjects

From: Excessive carbohydrate consumption and body mass index: the risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome in Tamil Nadu population

Average food/calorie intake, g, kcal/day Male Female Total
Adolescent Adult Adolescent Adult PWS (n = 23) OC with DM (n = 7) OC w/o DM (n = 16)
PWS (n = 9) OC with DM (n = 2) OC w/o DM (n = 5) PWS (n = 7) OC with DM (n = 2) OC w/o DM (n = 4) PWS (n = 4) OC with DM (n = 1) OC w/o DM (n = 4) PWS (n = 3) OC with DM (n = 2) OC w/o DM (n = 3)
Sugar and sweets
 Food intake (g) 257.3 ± 117.8* 134.5 ± 45.9 234 ± 64.7 135 ± 63.5* 154 ± 70.7 96 ± 50.3 217 ± 161.0* 208 ± 0 184 ± 132.6 150 ± 44.1 197 ± 4.2 170.3 ± 58.4 199 ± 113.6 211 ± 91.9 175 ± 92.0
 Calorie intake (kcal) 404.4 ± 112* 256 ± 76.3 392.6 ± 153 250 ± 34.1 317 ± 1.4 269 ± 37.8 381 ± 176.0* 208 ± 0 240 ± 89.3 295 ± 29.4 447 ± 280 203 ± 23.8 324 ± 118.6 334 ± 155.2 288 ± 188.3
Beverages
 Food intake (g) 394.4 ± 95.0* 250 ± 0 266 ± 93.7 275 ± 129 400 ± 141 350 ± 108.0 170 ± 125.5 350 ± 0 218 ± 55.4 250 ± 132.2 350 ± 212 308 ± 215. 300 ± 135.5 350 ± 122.4 283 ± 118.3
 Calorie intake (kcal) 165.1 ± 93.8* 136 ± 12.0 156.2 ± 62 177 ± 76.9 229 ± 51. 195 ± 48.6 116 ± 51.0 273 ± 0 143 ± 79.7 145 ± 85.4 105 ± 15.5 161 ± 102 155 ± 180.6 152.7 ± 85 163.8 ± 67
Oils and fat
 Food intake (g) 18.8 ± 10.2 17 ± 17.6 19 ± 10.2 13 ± 7.4 15 ± 7.0 12.5 ± 5 15 ± 10.8 10 ± 0 18 ± 14.9 10 ± 0 12.5 ± 3.5 15 ± 13.2 15 ± 8.9 17.1 ± 9.9 16.5 ± 10.4
 Calorie intake (kcal) 159.5 ± 83.2 139 ± 134.9 161.2 ± 83.4 115 ± 55.3 131.3 ± 6 109.9 ± 44.5 131 ± 95.7 88.4 ± 0 120 ± 55.7 87 ± 1.2 110 ± 30.8 122 ± 100 131 ± 72.6 142.8 ± 75 131 ± 68.4
White rice
 Food intake (g) 1000 ± 275** 700 ± 141 166 ± 42.1 1271 ± 31** 575 ± 53 137.5 ± 47.8 962 ± 170** 850 ± 0 300 ± 40.8 966 ± 208** 800 ± 141.4 166 ± 28.82 1071 ± 284** 814 ± 124.8 158 ± 40.6
 Calorie intake (kcal) 1300 ± 357** 910 ± 183.8 187.6 ± 32 1652 ± 40** 747.5 ± 6 178.7 ± 62.2 1251 ± 22** 1105 ± 0 390 ± 53.0 1083 ± 75** 1040 ± 183.8 16 ± 37.5 1370 ± 374** 1058 ± 162.3 215.3 ± 70.8
Milk and dairy
 Food intake (g) 141.1 ± 67.1* 95 ± 35.3 102.8 ± 31. 90 ± 24.6 80 ± 42.4 125 ± 65.5 112 ± 91.6 150 ± 0 81 ± 22.8 91 ± 31.9 92.5 ± 38.8 63 ± 11.5 114 ± 58.2* 97.8 ± 36.4 95.5 ± 41.8
 Calorie intake (kcal) 275.8 ± 134.7 220 ± 21.9 1202 ± 75.2 165 ± 26.6 202.2 ± 4. 214 ± 55.4 177 ± 25.6 340 ± 0 153 ± 45.6 195 ± 3.8 213 ± 30.8 170 ± 60.5 214.4 ± 97 216 ± 71.1 187 ± 60.5
Instant food
 Food intake (g) 218.8 ± 130.7* 50 ± 0 125 ± 50 110 ± 28.3 100 ± 0 162.5 ± 94.6 171 ± 152.62 200 ± 0 81 ± 23.9 75 ± 25 100 ± 0 106 ± 40.43 158.9 ± 113* 100 ± 50 120 ± 60.9
 Calorie intake (kcal) 280.1 ± 176.9 104 ± 101.8 183.5 ± 67.0 162 ± 34.0 156.5 ± 2 232 ± 121.9 94 ± 174.6 274 ± 0 108 ± 26.5 103 ± 65.7 224 ± 67.8 55 ± 187 223.6 ± 147* 161 ± 93.2 209 ± 127.6
Meat
 Food intake (g) 203.3 ± 69.1* 147 ± 3.5 116 ± 28.8 120 ± 36.5 185 ± 91.9 185 ± 91.9 166 ± 76.3 Nil 133 ± 28.8 163 ± 75.0 150 ± 0 166 ± 76. 160 ± 65.6* 153 ± 29.0 147 ± 55.5
 Calorie intake (kcal) 219.3 ± 73.1 149 ± 6.6 124 ± 26.2 138 ± 38.2 138.5 ± 0. 138 ± 0 177 ± 83.0   133 ± 21.9 182 ± 76.2 145 ± 0 172 ± 85.8 177 ± 67.6* 177 ± 70.9 142 ± 45,8
Egg
 Food intake (g) 255.5 ± 98.2 200 ± 0 250 ± 70.7 164 ± 38.2 175 ± 35.3 237 ± 75 162 ± 25 200 ± 0 225 ± 95.7 100 ± 0 300 ± 0 266 ± 57. 191.3 ± 91 242 ± 53.4 243.7 ± 70.4
 Calorie intake (kcal) 396 ± 152.2 310 ± 0 423 ± 159.7 243 ± 74.8 232.5 ± 1 348 ± 148.4 251 ± 39 310 ± 0 393.7 ± 209 155 ± 0 555 ± 127.2 413 ± 89.4 293.0 ± 143 427 ± 158.7 389 ± 160.7
Fish
 Food intake (g) 187.5 ± 62.9 200 ± 0 150 ± 57.7 140 ± 52.9 150 ± 70.7 100 ± 0 Nil Nil 150 ± 86.6 Nil 250 ± 0 100 ± 0 167 ± 59.6 216 ± 28.8 135 ± 57.9
 Calorie intake (kcal) 198.9 ± 61.8 218 ± 0 142.5 ± 56.2 154 ± 56.7 162.5 ± 7 109 ± 0    156 ± 81.6   270 ± 0 109 ± 0 179.8 ± 59 234 ± 30.6 136 ± 52.2
  1. *p values are highly significant
  2. **p values are extremely significant