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Physiology

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  1. Lysimachia ramosa (Wall. ex Duby) is a traditionally used medicinal plant in Meghalaya, a northeastern state of India. The people use the leaves of the plant to cure gastrointestinal worm infection. Kaempferol de...

    Authors: Ashish Sarkar, Deepjyoti Dev and Bishnupada Roy
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2024 85:16
  2. The green seaweed Caulerpa racemosa possesses highly potential elements in animal forages and human use since ancient times. The current study was designed to investigate the antioxidants, phytochemical propertie...

    Authors: Cholaraj Ragunath and Venkatachalam Ramasubramanian
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2024 85:12
  3. Changes induced by monosodium glutamate (MSG) can negatively impact milk production and secretion, among other adverse effects. This study aimed to investigate the effects of MSG consumption on receptor gene e...

    Authors: Nachamada Solomon Emmanuel, Ibrahim Gaya Bako, Ibrahim Samaila Malgwi, Yusuf Tanko, Ejike Daniel Eze, Hajara Ali Umar, Munira Aliyu, Abdulmalik Muhammad and Aliyu Mohammed
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2024 85:3
  4. The aging of the skin is considered a cumulative process that is classed as intrinsic or extrinsic. Environmental factors like sun exposure and air pollution are considered the main cause of extrinsic aging. M...

    Authors: Khaled Sharafeldein, Hanan Ayesh, Safwatt Salama and Azza M. Marei
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2023 84:25
  5. Farmed fish are faced with factors like microflora and micronutrients that could impact their prime health. There is no clear understanding of some specific bacterial flora amidst micronutrients in the gut of ...

    Authors: Samuel Bem Umma, Adams Ovie Iyiola and Ibrahim Adeshina
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2023 84:23
  6. The present study investigated the effect of dietary Parkia biglobosa pulp (PBP) on the growth performance and blood profile of mixed sex Clarias gariepinus. The PBP meal was supplemented with the basal diets at ...

    Authors: Olarinke Victoria Adeniyi, Adenike Senorita Norman and Steven Onojobi
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2023 84:19
  7. The present study assesses the role of polyherbal formula (LACTN) against sodium oxalate (NaOx)—stimulated urolithiasis prophylactic and curative. Forty-eight rats were separated into the following regimen’s g...

    Authors: Amany A. Sayed, Amel M. Soliman, Sohair R. Fahmy and Rasha Hosny
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2023 84:15
  8. This study aimed to assess the effect of ascorbic acid and sodium bicarbonate on thermoregulatory response and oxidative stress markers of rabbit bucks during highest temperature-humidity index in a humid trop...

    Authors: Emmanuel Olubisi Ewuola, Ridwan Olamide Sanni, Taiwo Aina, Oluwatosin Oni and Olatunji Abubakar Jimoh
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:55
  9. The renal burden imposed by diclofenac sodium (DS) remedy is a significant concern and limits the extension in its clinical application. Curcumin (Cur) can be used as a promising natural phytochemical in rescu...

    Authors: Sohair M. M. Ragab, Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem, Nasser S. Abou Khalil and Mona M. Atia
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:50
  10. Pyrazinamide (PZA) is efficient antituberculosis drug. However, PZA-induced hepatotoxicity mediated by oxidative damage is documented. Naringenin (NGN) is a common flavanone with antioxidative properties. Thus...

    Authors: Atef Abdel-Moneem Ali, Osama Abdel-Ghaffar and Dina Aly Mahmoud Aly
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:49
  11. This study aims to evaluate the protective effect of barley against the bioaccumulation and oxidative stress of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in male rats. The lethality percentile doses (LDs: LD1 to LD99 at 24, 48, 72,...

    Authors: Mohamed Ramadan Elgohary, Shaaban Mostafa Abdel-Fattah, Yehia Hassan Abu-Sree, Gamal Mohamed Morsy and Atef Abdel-Moneem Ali
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:45
  12. The larvicidal and biochemical effects of chitin synthesis inhibitors (CSIs), namely lufenuron, flufenoxuron and hexaflumuron against the newly molted penultimate instar larvae of the house fly Musca domestica, w...

    Authors: Mohammad A. Tanani, Ahmed I. Hasaballah and Rehab M. Hussein
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:29
  13. Since many research works have been carried out to identify the pharmacological properties of conotoxins from many Conus sp. The pharmacological properties of higher molecular weight toxin from the venom of Conus

    Authors: Dhana Sekaran Ganesan, Dhasarathan Annadurai, Lakshmanan Vadakkuvaselvi, Kathirvel Neelan and Arulvasu Chinnasamy
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:25
  14. Liver cirrhosis, alcoholic liver diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis are the major risk factors for liver damage leading to hepatocellular carcinoma. Oxidative stress and insulin resistance...

    Authors: Uzma Latief, Gurleen Kaur Tung, Harjeet Singh, Tasir Sharief Per and Subheet Kumar Jain
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:17
  15. Folic acid modulates gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders via a number of suggested gastroprotective mechanisms. Gastric acid, inflammation, cell proliferation and angiogenesis play significant role in gast...

    Authors: Kazeem Ajeigbe, Keziah Aibangbee, Sule Saeed, Olakunbi Ajeigbe and Abdufattah Onifade
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:15
  16. The medicinal potential of plant extracts for the management of liver and kidney disorders in humans has been harnessed for the past several centuries. However, the abundant plant resources have not been fully...

    Authors: Raphael John Ogbe, Carrol Domkat Luka and Godwin Ichekanu Adoga
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:13
  17. Pain, inflammation and fever are serious conditions that are associated with various disease conditions. In modern medicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids together with corticosteroid...

    Authors: Doshu Daniel Nock, Idagu Godwin Abraham and Mubarak Hussaini Ahmad
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:7
  18. The liver cancer is one of the most frequent solid organ malignancies worldwide. Alternative medicine is deemed as one approach that may progress anticancer drugs efficacy and minimize their toxic effects. Sim...

    Authors: EL-Hassan M. Mokhamer, Abdel-Aziz A. Zidan, Nourhan K. El.Ghayesh and Karolin K. Abdel-Aziz
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:2
  19. Animal venoms have been known as a source of drugs beneficial to human health. Accordingly, this study was designed to determine the effect of bradykinin potentiating factor (BPF) separated from honey bee venom,

    Authors: Elsabry Abu Amra, Sohir Ali Abd El Rehim, Fakhr Mostafa Lashein and Heba Seleem Shoaeb
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2022 83:1
  20. Animals that live and feed on the soil and its constituents and products naturally absorb heavy metals and pass to other organisms linked in the food chains. The present study was designed to examine bioaccumu...

    Authors: Emmanuel I. Nnamonu, Gregory E. Odo, Ifeanyi O. Ajuzie and Chritopher D. Nwani
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:62
  21. Thermal stressors in tropical aquaculture are unavoidable and cause many harmful effects. This study assessed the effects of ascorbic acid (AA) and iron nanoparticles supplementation in the diet of African cat...

    Authors: Gbadamosi K. Oluyemi
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:58
  22. Various substances released from modern complex human societies which enter the aquatic ecosystems produce alterations in survivability of aquatic biota. This study assesses the consequence of exposure to indu...

    Authors: Samuel Olusayo Akinkuolie, Henry Adefisayo Adewole, Promise Olabode Ololade, Bola Morufat Lawal and Victor Folorunso Olaleye
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:56
  23. The therapeutic value of doxorubicin as an effective anti-neoplastic agent is limited by its cardiotoxic side effects. We investigated the effects of ethanolic leaf extracts of olive leaf OL on cardiotoxicity ...

    Authors: Alaaeldin Ahmed Hamza, Soha Osama Hassanin, Salsabil Hamza, Ali Abdalla and Amr Amin
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:54
  24. Aspartame is used to treat obesity, and the diabetic people could induce changes in liver and kidney structures and function. Garlic extract, melatonin and thymoquinone have an important role against aspartame...

    Authors: Sary Kh. Abdel-ghaffar, Mohamed Araf Adly, Mohamed F. El-Sayed and Walaa Magdy Abd-Elsamei
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:50
  25. Atrazine has impacted negatively on fish by inducing significant alterations in their haematological, biochemical and histological parameters. Mitigating such alterations to enhance fish survival becomes perti...

    Authors: Olufemi D. Owolabi and Saratu I. Abdulkareem
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:42
  26. In the central nervous system of mammals, transporters localized on the presynaptic nerve terminals regulate the reuptake of neurotransmitters. These transporters are selective for a specific neurotransmitter ...

    Authors: Shannon E. Eaton, James R. Pauly, Deann M. Hopkins and Chana K. Akins
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:39
  27. African catfish Clarias gariepinus introduced to India has gravitated into the Ganga River as an invasive species. Morphological plasticity and reproductive adaptation are considered and reported as important man...

    Authors: Atul K. Singh, Abubakar Ansari and Sharad C. Srivastava
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:30
  28. Despite evidence of neurotoxicity, cisplatin is still considered the most potent drug prescribed in human chemotherapy for a broad spectrum of malignancies. The objective was to evaluate the cerebellar cortex ...

    Authors: Azza Attia, Cecil Matta, Reda ElMazoudy and Hanan Khalifa
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:23
  29. Circadian disruption is often associated with aggravation of atherosclerosis; however, the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying atherogenic initiation in normolipidemic diet remains unclear. Most of the st...

    Authors: Kavita Shirsath, Apeksha Joshi, Aliasgar Vohra and Ranjitsinh Devkar
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:9
  30. Channa punctata, Indian spotted snakehead, has a great economic value in south and south-east Asia being an important protein source for humans. Fish cultures are affected due to various bacterial and viral infec...

    Authors: Vipin Kumar Verma, Om Prakash, R. Shiva Raj Kumar, Kumari Vandana Rani and Neeta Sehgal
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:6
  31. Extensive and indiscriminate use of pesticides gradually destroys the environment (ecosystem), poses serious threats to human health, animal life (especially aquatic), plant forms, soil, water, and also lead t...

    Authors: Samuel U. Ezenwosu, Emmanuel I. Nnamonu, Gregory Ejikeme Odo, Bright C. Ikele and Ogonna C. Ani
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:3
  32. Sildenafil (Viagra) is widely used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction under various etiologies. Unfortunately, chronic administration of sildenafil negatively affects fertility. The aim of the present s...

    Authors: M. Goweder Fawzia, T. M. Abu El-Nasr and A. A. El-Sayed
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:2
  33. The aquaculture sector is the biggest consumer of fishmeal and the demand of this ingredient is higher than the production. The replacement of fishmeal from aquafeed is a current research thrust. The replaceme...

    Authors: Chiranjiv Pradhan, Shiba Shankar Giri, Satyandra Nath Mohanty and Khiroda Chandra Nayak
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2021 82:1
  34. Cholestasis is the major cause of bile acid accumulation leading to liver damage. Chronic infection of worms can modulate the immune response towards T helper (Th)2-related cytokines. The present study aims to...

    Authors: Abeer Mahmoud Badr, Mohamed Farid, Ahmed Abdel Aziz Biomy, Ayman Saber Mohamed, Noha Ahmed Mahana and Sohair Ramadan Fahmy
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:62
  35. Scorpion venom is a very complicated mixture of various peptides/proteins which could induce toxicological and pharmacological responses. This investigation was conducted to evaluate the possible pharmacologic...

    Authors: Nahla M. Shoukry, Mohamed L. Salem, Wafaa K. Teleb, Mohamed M. Abdel Daim and Mohamed A. Abdel-Rahman
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:56
  36. This study investigated the effect of sublethal concentrations (0.0, 0.3, 0.6, and 1.2 mg·L-1) of herbicide oxadiazon (ODZ) on the activities of Ca2+-ATPase and Na+/K+-ATPase in juvenile Clarias gariepinus.

    Authors: Ndubuisi Stanley Oluah, Bernard Obialo Mgbenka, Christopher Didiugwu Nwani, Ifeanyi Oscar Aguzie, Innocent Chinedu Ngene and Chidimma Oluah
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:51
  37. The effects of D-ribose l-cysteine on nicotine-induced testicular toxicity in male Wistar rats were examined in this study. Twenty healthy adult male Wistar rats with an average weight of 200 g were grouped as no...

    Authors: Victor O. Ukwenya, Toluwase S. Olawuyi, Afodun M. Adam and Moses U. Ukwenya
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:48
  38. Freshwater fish in Bangladesh are adversely affected by the washed off pesticides, used in agriculture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impacts of a commonly used organophosphate pesticide on freshwa...

    Authors: Rabeya Akter, Mst Arzu Pervin, Halima Jahan, Sharmin Ferdewsi Rakhi, A. H. M. Mohsinul Reza and Zakir Hossain
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:47
  39. The use of natural products is an essential way to new pharmaceutical leads for the discovery and development of new drugs to treat diseases. Propolis (Pro) is a natural resinous product produced by honey bees...

    Authors: Hanan A. Okail, Ahmed S. Ibrahim and Amira H. Badr
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:34
  40. The effects of cassava peel meal (CPM) supplemented with methionine (MET) and multienzyme (ENZ) was studied using 240 5-week-old rabbits in a completely randomized design arranged in 2 × 2 × 2 factorial (2 CPM...

    Authors: Olugbenga D. Oloruntola
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:33
  41. l-carnitine (LC) plays an important role in the oxidative/antioxidative balance of different organs. The study has explored the effect of the daily administration of aspartame (ASP) at two different doses for 4 w...

    Authors: Reham Z. Hamza, Rasha A. Al-Eisa and Nahla S. El-Shenawy
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:28
  42. Heavy metals are natural components of the earth’s crust and are considered as constant environmental pollutants since they cannot be degraded or destroyed easily. Cadmium (Cd) is present primarily in the ores...

    Authors: P. Vijaya, Harsimran Kaur, Nancy Garg and Suman Sharma
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:23
  43. This study aimed to assess the immunomodulatory effect of curcumin on innate and adaptive immune responses, as well as its inhibitory power on hyperglycemia in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic CD1 mice.

    Authors: Abeer M. Badr, Howida Sharkawy, Alyaa A. Farid and Somaya El-Deeb
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:22
  44. Omega-3 fatty acids’ inclusion as feed supplement in the diets of both human and animals has been found to play a significant role in body metabolism. The aim of this present study was to evaluate the effects ...

    Authors: Emmanuel I. Nnamonu, Bernard O. Mgbenka, Bede I. Ezewudo, Edmund C. Mbegbu, Chiemekam S. Ezechukwu and Godwin C. Ugwu
    Citation: The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 2020 81:14